- The Golden Retriever is a medium-sized breed of dog. They were historically developed as gundogs to retrieve shot waterfowl such as ducks and upland game birds during hunting and shooting parties.
- The golden retriever has a dense inner coat that provides it with adequate warmth. The outer coat is sleek and water repellent, and lies flat against the body.
- The official colour of the breed is the varying shades of gold that are most often seen.
- The breed's intelligence and versatility suit the dogs well for a variety of roles including guide dog for the blind, hearing dog for deaf people, hunting dog,illegal drug detector, and search and rescue participant. Because of their loyal and gentle temperament, golden retrievers are also popular family pets.
- Golden Retrievers possess a friendly, eager-to-please demeanour, and are the fourth most popular family dog breeds (by registration) in the United States,the fifth most popular in Australia, and the eighth most popular in the United Kingdom.
- The Golden Retriever was first developed in Scotland at "Guisachan" near Glen Affric, the highland estate of Sir Dudley Marjoribanks later Baron Tweedmouth.
- The original cross was of a yellow-coloured Retriever, Nous, with a Tweed Water Spaniel female dog, Belle.The Tweed Water Spaniel is now extinct but was then common in the border country.
- Golden Retrievers were first accepted for registration by The Kennel Club of England in 1903, as Flat Coats – Golden.
- They were first exhibited in 1908, and in 1911 were recognised as a breed described as Retriever (Golden and Yellow). In 1913, the Golden Retriever Club was founded. The breed name was officially changed toGolden Retriever in 1920
The muzzle of the British type of dog is wider and shorter, and its forehead is blockier. It has shorter legs, with a slightly deeper chest, and shorter tail.